Session 2

SILVICULTURE, BIODIVERSITY AND WILDLIFE

Session Coordinators: Luigi Masutti, Renzo Motta, Susanna Nocentini

The constant increase of forest areas designated for nature protection is a proof that the effort for biodiversity conservation is gaining attention at all levels. It also underlines the need to strengthen the integration between forest resource use and biodiversity conservation. This is becoming particularly important now that research is showing that biological diversity can contribute to forest ecosystem resilience, increasing the system’s ability to adapt to change.

Silviculture, if correctly planned and applied, can be a very effective instrument for biodiversity conservation. At the same time, the complex relationship between animal populations and the conservation of forest ecosystem functionality is crucial: we are witnessing a rapid sequence of increase in population density, colonization and disappearance of animal species in forest and mountain environments. Furthermore there are still many knowledge gaps regarding the relationship between soil fauna and forest biocoenoses.

On the operational side there is the urgency to translate research results into practical guidelines for forest managers.

This Session will discuss all these complex issues, with a focus on:

  • impact of silviculture on biodiversity, complexity and resilience of forest ecosystems
  • quantifying and monitoring forest biodiversity
  • sinergies and critical issues of the interaction between silviculture and forest fauna
  • strategies and policies for forest biodiversity conservation in face of global change